h-index: 7     i10-index: 6

Document Type : Mini-Review


1 Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria

2 Department of BioTechnology Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria



An invaluable method for assessing the surface morphology of a wide range of materials and samples, including those used in medical applications, is scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) has long been an indispensable tool in materials science and nanotechnology, providing unparalleled insights into the microstructure and surface morphology of various materials. Recent advancements have extended the utility of SEM beyond traditional fields, including its promising applications in medicine and biomedical research. By leveraging the high-resolution imaging capabilities of SEM, researchers can delve deeper into the intricate structures of biological specimens, complexities of cellular architecture, tissue organization, and disease pathology. SEM provides more information on biocompatibility, surface interactions, and structural integrity of medical implants and devices, paving the way for enhanced diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. SEM has long been used to characterize the surface topography of cells and tissues. SEM has been utilized in Cell Surface Imaging, Drug delivery system, Tissue Microstructure, gastrointestinal, and cardiology to advance understanding of disease early stages. SEM can produce high-resolution pictures of inanimate and biological particles, allowing for a thorough examination of a range of medical applications.


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