h-index: 7     i10-index: 6

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Assistant Professor of Surgery, Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Radiology, Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Because long-term drainage can cause problems such as limited mobility of the affected limb and pain in the patient's armpit, studies that can determine the effect of prolonged drainage on serum incidence may lead to earlier drainage. And the reduction of the resulting complications should be helpful. Therefore, the present study was performed with the aim of the effect of surgical drainage on seroma incidence in breast cancer surgery.  This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed during the years 2018 to 2020 with the participation of 152 patients after breast surgery in the hospitals of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Diagnosis of seroma after surgery (for one week) was made by a physician and the factors affecting its formation were collected in the data collection form. Data were compared by Chi-square test. The mean age of the study participants was 46 years; Tumor size in most participants was less than two centimeters; The stage of the disease was in the majority of participants I, II and in most of them the breast mass was completely removed. The surgical drain remained in the majority of participants for 5 to 9 days.  The prevalence of seroma in this study was 35%; The results of this study showed that the type of surgical device, the number of days of drain use, as well as the stage of the disease and the type of surgery performed on the breast have no role in the incidence of seroma.


Main Subjects


©2023 The author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/


Sami Publishing Company remains neutral concerning jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


Sami Publishing Company

  1. van Bastelaar, L.L. Theunissen, M.G. Snoeijs, G.L. Beets, Y.L. Vissers, Clin. Breast Cancer, 2017, 17, 316–321 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  2. K. Gol, D. Aghamohamadi, Int. J. Women’s Health and Reprod. Sci., 2020, 8, 73-78 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  3. van Bastelaar, A. Beckers, M. Snoeijs, G. Beets, Y. Vissers, World J. Surg. Oncol., 2016, 8, 66 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  4. van Bastelaar, L.L.B. Theunissen, M.G.J. Snoeijs, G.L. Beets, Y.L.J. Vissers, Clin. Breast Cancer, 2017, 17, 316–321 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  5. Eichler, P. Fischer, A. Sauerwald, F. Dahdouh, M. Warm, Breast Cancer, 2016, 23, 486–490 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  6. Covarelli, F. Barberini, D. Cannavicci, R. Cirocchi, A. Rulli, C. Boselli, V.  De Giorgi, Minerva Chir., 2020, 75, 111–116 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  7. P. Weber, C. Tausch, S. Hayoz, M.K. Fehr, K. Ribi, H. Hawle, J.E. Lupatsch, K. Matter-Walstra, F. Chiesa, K.J. Dedes, G. Berclaz, Ann. Surg. Oncol., 2018, 25, 2632–2640 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  8. Fawzy, A. Gaber, A.A.M. Farid, Int. Surg. J., 2017, 4, 2103–2109 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  9. Vasileiadou, C. Kosmidis, G. Anthimidis, S. Miliaras, I. Kostopoulos, E. Fahantidis, Clin. Breast Cancer, 2017, 17, 595–600 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  10. Ebner, A. Schramm, D. Bottke, T.W. Friedl, T. Wiegel, V. Fink, K. Lato, I. Bekes, W. Janni, N. de Gregorio, Arch. Gynecol. Obstet., 2016, 294, 861–866 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  11. Headon, U. Wazir, A. Kasem, K. Mokbel, Mol. Clin. Oncol., 2016, 4, 863–867 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  12. Ebner, A. Wöckel, W. Janni, R. Kreienberg, L. Schwentner, M. Wischnewsky J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol., 2017, 143, 1823–1831 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  13. Seretis, D. Goulis, E.C. Demiri, E.G. Lykoudis, Aesthetic. Surg. J., 2017, 37, 316–323 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  14. Winocour, V. Gupta, J.R. Ramirez, R.B. Shack, J.C. Grotting, K.K. Higdon, Plast. Reconstr. Surg., 2015, 136, 597e–606e [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  15. W. Fernandes, R. Damin, M.V.N. Holzmann, G.G.O. Ribas, Rev. Col. Bras. Cir., 2018, 45, e1394 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  16. J. Restifo, Aesthet. Surg. J., 2019, 39, 966–976 [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  17. Raziani Y., Othman BS., 2021, 10: 5 [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  18. S Ghorbanizadeh S., Raziani Y., Amraei M., Heydarian M., 2021, 12:54 [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  19. Y Raziani Y., Othman BS., Raziani S., 69, 102739 [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
  20. Raziani Y., Raziani S., 2021, 3:83 [Crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]