Document Type : Original Research Article


Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Introduction: Cesarean section is one of the most common surgeries in gynecology, after which pain leads to many complications. This study aimed at comparing the effects of propofol and ketamine on postoperative complications under spinal anesthesia.
Material and Methods: In this study, to compare the effect of propofol and ketamine on pain, chills and nausea, and vomiting after cesarean section under spinal anesthesia, 111 patients who were candidates for elective cesarean section were compared in terms of side effects of propofol and ketamine.
Results: The rest of the pain intensity in the ketofol and ketamine groups was significantly lower in the other groups (p <0.05). Also, the rate of drug use in the ketofol and ketamine groups was significantly lower compared with the other groups (p <0.05).
Conclusion: The combination of ketamine + propofol  (ketofol) can control the complications after spinal anesthesia in elective cesarean section.


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