h-index: 7     i10-index: 5

Document Type : Original Research Article


Department of Law, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran


One of the most important rules of jurisprudence that causes coercive guarantee is the rule of Ali al-Aid, which is known by famous jurists, both Shiites and Sunnis, as narrated from the Prophet. Among the Shiite narration societies, this narration has been quoted in the book Mustadrak al-La'ali, quoting the commentary of Abu al-Futuh al-Razi and Awali al-Lali al-'Aziziyya, as follows: It's going to take what it takes until it returns. Ibn Abi al-Jumhur al-Ehsa'i has narrated this narration in three cases in his book Awali al-Laali al-Aziziyah. In the first case, he has quoted it without specifying the name of the Prophet, and in the second case, by specifying the name of the Prophet, but in the first way, without mentioning the intermediary, and in the third case, he has quoted it from the Prophet through Samra. There is a difference of opinion among jurists in explaining and interpreting the provisions of this rule. In examining the provisions of this rule, the question arises whether the provisions of the rule are an obligatory ruling on the necessity of rejecting other people's property, or the guarantee and responsibility of a person in charge of other people's property?

Graphical Abstract

Documents Forcing a Guarantee




©2024 The author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/


Sami Publishing Company remains neutral concerning jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


Sami Publishing Company

[1] R. Maseland, D. Dow, P. Steel, Journal of International Business Studies, 2018, 49, 1154– 1166. [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[2] B. Ambos, L. Håkanson, Journal of International Management, 2014, 20, 1–7. [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[3] C.G. Asmussen, T. Pedersen, C. Dhanaraj, Journal of International Business Studies, 2009, 40, 42–57. [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[4] S. Balachandran, E. Hernandez, Organization Science, 2018, 29, 80–99. [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[5] H. Berry, M.F. Guillén, N. Zhou, Journal of International Business Studies, 2010, 41, 1460–1480. [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[6] A. Cuervo-Cazurra, M.E. Genc, Journal of Management Studies, 2011, 48, 441–455. [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[7] A. Joardar, S. Wu, International Business Review, 2017, 26, 1157–1167. [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]
[8] A.N. Kiss, P.S. Barr, Strategic Management Journal, 2015, 36, 1245–1263. [crossref], [Google Scholar], [Publisher]